Roadway c (the full feeling) denoted the essential dating between vulnerable (grandiose) narcissism and you will FA

As the preferred outcome of the newest studies was to understand the under-researched systems that ent of FA in people who have increased levels out of insecure narcissism, we plus incorporated the newest grandiose particular narcissism on the research so that you can reveal possible distinctions so you’re able to insecure narcissism. Considering the in the past reported positive association between vulnerable and you will grandiose narcissism one express new key of your own narcissistic thinking , i likely to find an optimistic relationship between both types of narcissism (Hypothesis 3a). At exactly the same time, given before results , grandiose narcissism try believed becoming absolutely linked to FA (Hypothesis 3b).

Process and you can people

The present day test provided 327 Fb profiles out-of Germany (72.8% women; age (years): M(SD) = (3.96), range: 18–56; occupation: 81.3% students, 18.7% employed; marital updates: forty-eight.9% solitary, forty eight.6% with romantic mate, dos.4% married). People was basically recruited by the participation welcomes showed from the several Italian language universities at public facilities, particularly bakeries. The requirement getting contribution, which had been volunteer rather than compensated, was a recent Myspace subscription. The Integrity Panel of your own professors off therapy of Ruhr-Universitat Bochum accepted this new implementation of the current analysis (recognition matter: 460). Today’s studies is actually presented for the with respect to the principles indicated in the Report out of Helsinki. Every users was indeed totally informed concerning studies and offered informed say yes to participate on line. Good priori presented strength analyses (G*Electricity program, type step three.1) indicated that a total test size of Letter = 92 is actually sufficient getting valid show (stamina > .80, ? = .05, medium impact proportions: f 2 = .15; cf., ). The dataset used in the present studies comes in S1 Dataset.

Vulnerable narcissism.

The fresh new abridged kind of new Narcissistic List (NI-R-36; ) reviewed insecure narcissism. Brand new 36 items (elizabeth.g., “Other people could well be very shocked whenever they realized about my talents”) is ranked into the good 5-area Likert size (step 1 = not really correct, 5 = totally true; newest accuracy: Cronbach’s ? = .94). The higher this new suggest score of the things that, the better the level of insecure narcissism.

Grandiose narcissism.

To evaluate the level of grandiose narcissism brand new temporary variety of the latest Narcissistic Character Index (G-NPI-13; ) is integrated. This instrument consists of thirteen products which is rated during the pressed-alternatives format (0 = non-narcissistic: e.g., “I am not such as for instance looking thinking about me on mirror”, step one = narcissistic: elizabeth.g., “I enjoy glance at me throughout the echo”; most recent reliability: Kuder-Richardson (KR-20) = .68). High contribution results indicate large amounts of grandiose narcissism.

Anxiety symptoms.

The newest stress subscale of one’s Anxiety Stress Stress Bills 21 (DASS-21; ) counted anxiety periods along side past few days that have eight things (“I sensed scared with no valid reason”) that are rated with the a good 4-area Likert measure (0 = did not affect me personally after all, step three = pertains to me greatly or normally; newest accuracy: Cronbach’s ? = .89). The better the sum rating, the higher the amount of stress symptoms.

Facebook Addiction (FA).

Brand new temporary variety of the fresh new Bergen Twitter Habits Level (BFAS; ) assessed the degree of FA over the period of time of one’s previous season. It measure comes with half a dozen affairs (age.grams., “Believed a desire to make use of Fb much more about?”) according to the half dozen core addiction have (we.e., salience, tolerance, disposition amendment, relapse, withdrawal, conflict). Goods are rated towards an excellent 5-area Likert size (step 1 = really rarely, 5 = that frequently; latest precision: Cronbach’s ? = .93). Higher sum ratings indicate higher amounts of FA.

Statistical analyses

Statistical analyses were conducted with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 24) and the macro Process version 2.16.1 (; ). First, descriptive statistics of the investigated variables and zero-order bivariate correlations were computed. Next, to assess the predictive effect of both forms of narcissism and anxiety symptoms on FA, a three-step hierarchical regression analysis (CI 95%) was calculated. FA served as the outcome variable of the model. Age and gender were included as control variables in Step 1; in Step 2, vulnerable narcissism and grandiose narcissism were added; anxiety symptoms were added in Step 3. The model was not threatened by multicollinearity (all values of tolerance > .25, all variance inflation factor values < 5 ). Then, two mediation analyses (model 4) were calculated. Both mediation models included FA as outcome and anxiety symptoms as mediator. While in the first model, vulnerable narcissism was considered as predictor, grandiose narcissism was included as predictor in the second model. The covariates age and gender were controlled for in both models. Additionally, grandiose narcissism was controlled for in the first model, and vulnerable narcissism was controlled for in the second model. This allowed the investigation of the specific relationship between vulnerable narcissism, anxiety symptoms and FA, while controlling for grandiose narcissism, and vice versa . The relationship between vulnerable (grandiose) narcissism and anxiety symptoms was denoted by path a; the link between anxiety symptoms and FA was denoted by path b. The indirect effect was represented by the combined effect of path a and path b. The association between vulnerable (grandiose) narcissism and FA after the inclusion of anxiety symptoms in the model was denoted by path c' (the direct effect). The magnitude of the mediation effect was assessed by the bootstrapping procedure ( samples) that provides bias corrected bootstrap confidence intervals (CI 95%). PM (the ratio of indirect effect to total effect) served as the mediation effect measure.